Bias refers to the presence of preconceived opinions, attitudes, or prejudices that lead to unfair treatment, discriminatory actions, or expressions of hostility against individuals or groups based on their actual or perceived characteristics. Examples of potential bias and how they may manifest are listed below. 

Bias incidents can vary in severity, ranging from offensive comments or jokes to actions that cause significant harm to the targeted individuals or groups. It is the goal of Bias Support Services to address bias incidents promptly and fairly to maintain a respectful and inclusive environment at Emory.

Examples of Bias

Making derogatory remarks about someone's physical disability
Excluding older adults from certain activities or opportunities based on their age.
Making offensive comments about someone's cultural heritage or background.
Discriminating against individuals based on their immigration status or country of origin.
Using racial slurs or stereotypes to demean someone from a specific ethnic background.
Making pervasive iappropriate comments about someone's gender.
Refusing to address an individual by their perferred pronouns.
Mocking or ridiculing someone for expressing their gender identity.

Denying participation in activities or other opportunities to pregnant individuals or parents.


Engaging in racial profiling or making racially offensive jokes.
Making derogatory comments about someone's religious beliefs or practices.
Knowlingly not permitting a fellow student to practice for religious holidays.
Subjecting individuals to offensive remarks or harassment based on sexual orientation.
Discriminating against veterans in educational opportunities. 

How Bias May Manifest

Microaggressions are subtle, everyday verbal or nonverbal actions that convey biased attitudes or sterotypes towards individuals based on their race, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, or other personal characteristic. These can be unintentional but still have a harmful impact on the targeted person.

Example: Making comments like "You speak English so well for someone from your country" to an international student.

Assigning certain traits, behaviors, or abilities to individuals or groups based on their perceived identity, without considering their unique qualities or experiences. 

Example: Assuming all female students are not interested in or capable of excelling in science or engineering fields.

Treating individuals or groups differently, unfairly, or unjustly due to race, gender, religion, disability, or other protected characteristic.

Example: Denying certain opportunities or resources to fellow students from a particular ethnic background.

Failing to include or adequately represent individuals from diverse backgrounds in campus leadership, faculty positions, or in the curriculum.

Example: A lack of diverse authors and perspectives in course materials and reading lists.

Superficial inclusion of individuals from underrepresented groups without addressing broader issues of diversity and inclusion.

Example: Adding a single member from an underrepresented group to a committee without genuinely involving them in decision-making.

Engaging in persistent, unwelcome, and offensive beahvior towards someone base on their identity, creating a hostile or intimidation environment.

Example: Subjecting a student to derogatory slurs or comments related to their gender identity.

Providing different levels of support, opportunities, or resources based on an individual's identity, leading to disparities in educational or career outcomes.

Example: Offering fewer scholarships or financial aid opportunities to students from certain racial or ethnic backgrounds.

Subtle and often unconscious behaviors that communicate a lack of value or respect towards certain individuals or groups. 

Example: Ignoring or interrupting students during discussions based on their gender.

Resources and Support